A form of insulin currently being developed that would be able to respond to changing glucose levels throughout the day, ensuring the right amount of insulin is available to the body at all times. JDRF reported on the development of 'smart' insulin in December 2010 and November 2008.
Stem cells / Human embryonic stem cells
Stem cells are a special type of cell that haven’t yet been given instructions telling them which type of cell they should be, like blank pages of a book. When new cells are needed in the body, stem cells have the ability to turn quickly into the exact type of cell needed. Scientists hope to harness this ability to create cures and treatments for diseases where specific cells have been damaged, like type 1 diabetes.